Mole – Talpa europaea
Moles used to be commonly poisoned using strychnine. Death by strychnine poisoning is slow and agonising, and strychnine is highly dangerous to other wildlife, domestic animals and humans. For these reasons it is now illegal to use strychnine for poisoning moles or any other animals. Moles can be beneficial to man, preying on many harmful insect larvae such as cockchafers and carrot fly, while tunnels help drain and aerate heavy soils.
Cylindrical body with prominent broad, spade-like forelimbs, pink pointed snout and short tail. Uniformly short velvety black fur. Ears not visible and minute eyes. Molehills more commonly seen than moles themselves.
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Molehills: Molehills are the characteristic and easy to recognise field sign to record the presence of moles. Molehills consist of pure loose soil. When moles dig, they push the loosened soil up a shaft to the surface, forming piles of earth. These molehills are easy to spot and indicate the presence of moles. Moles use molehills as a food source, especially for earthworms and insects.