Cylindrical body with prominent broad, spade-like forelimbs, pink pointed snout and short tail. Uniformly short velvety black fur. Ears not visible and minute eyes. Molehills more commonly seen than moles themselves.
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Molehills are the characteristic and easy to recognise field sign to record the presence of moles. Molehills consist of pure loose soil.
When moles dig, they push the loosened soil up a shaft to the surface, forming piles of earth. These molehills are easy to spot and indicate the presence of moles.
Moles use molehills as a food source, especially for earthworms and insects.
Throughout mainland UK. (Maps are based on expert advice, as of 2007. Some species ranges may have changed in the time since. We are currently in the process of updating the maps.)
Soil invertebrates. Earthworms most important prey, insect larvae also taken in large numbers. Food commonly stored throughout the year.
Most don’t live beyond 3 years, but can survive for up to 6 years.
Andy Rothwell, Hampshire County Mammal Recorder, says:
“Recording mammals is not always easy; many are small, nocturnal and elusive. But actual sightings aren’t the only way to find out where mammals are; tracks, signs and burrows can provide us with lots of reliable records (consider; sightings of molehills are much easier to spot than a mole itself). It is often the common mammals that are underrepresented on our maps, because they tend to be overlooked and considered unimportant. However it’s just as significant to record the common species because they too may become scarce in the future; after all, polecats, water voles and red squirrels were all common once!
You may notice from current distribution maps, there are still gaps where mammals have not been recorded. If you live near such an area, why not check it out and maybe you can be the first to add to the data and ensure valuable knowledge on the mammal distribution.”