Red/orange fur with white muzzle, neck and belly. Legs and backs of ears dark brown/black. Long bushy tail with white tip, held horizontally. Size of small dog.
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Tracks can be found in sand and mud (and snow) in farmland, grassland, woodland and urban areas.
They are four-toed prints, and can be confused with domestic cat and dog. The key difference is that a diagonal cross can be drawn through the fox print and not through the dog and cat prints. Footprint width 3.5cm and length 5cm.
Fox droppings are full of fur, bone fragments and often fruit pips. They are usually twisted, with a tapering ‘tail’ at one end. Variable size, approximately 8-12cm in length, 2cm in width.
Colour: brown, black, grey.
Smell: characteristic pungent smell
Found across mainland UK and Ireland. (Maps are based on expert advice, as of 2007. Some species ranges may have changed in the time since. We are currently in the process of updating the maps.)
Highly adaptable omnivore (eats plants and animals), lack of specialised food requirements, one of keys to success. Mammals, including rabbits, wood mice and field voles most commonly eaten.
9 years on average.
Dawn Scott, Sussex Mammal Group, says:
“Red foxes can move long distances; one of the foxes we were studying in an urban area travelled over 300km in less than a month, moving through rural and urban habitats as he went.”